The Silk Story!

The strongest natural protein fibre composed mainly of Fibroin, silk is a shimmering textile known for its satin texture and famous for being a luxurious fabric. India is a land of remarkable diversity and heart-warming vivacity. In its mesmerising milieu of clothing styles and colourful attires, the silk of India stands out with their soft textures and aesthetic appeal. The fabric is used to create a diverse range of textiles that cater to the clothing desires of all categories of people.

With its shimmering appearance and smooth texture, silk has been enticing Indians for a long time now. So much so that today India ranks as the largest consumer of this fabric. When it comes to the types of silk fabric produced in India, every region in the country boasts of its unique kind. Such fabrics are woven from different kinds of natural silk produced in India.

Muga silk is considered to be among the strongest natural fibres and has a distinct natural yellowish-golden tint. One of the most expensive varieties of silk produced in the world, Muga silk is used to make mekhela chador (traditional Assamese wear), sarees, kurtas, stoles, etc. The traditional motifs and intricate patterns weaved on the silk fabric add to its beauty and demand. The uniqueness of the fabric lies in the fact that it increases its lustre with age and after every wash. Muga silk is also known for its longevity. It is often remarked that a MUGA silk fabric lives longer than its wearer.


Banarasi silk or Benarasi silk is one of the finest variants of silk produced in India. Primarily weaved in the holy city of Varanasi or Banaras in Uttar Pradesh, this silk attracts attention due to the zari and brocade work in gold and silver thread on the fine fabric. Benarasi silk sarees are known all over the world for their splendour and exquisiteness. With their vibrant colours, intricate designs, and immaculate embroidery in gold and silver threads, a Benarasi saree often finds a place of pride in the trousseau of an Indian bride.


Tasar silk, alternatively spelt as Tassar, Tussar, Tussah, Tussur, Tusser, or Tussore silk, is also known as Kosa silk in Sanskrit. It is primarily produced in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. The Oak Tusar silk is a finer variety of the Tasar silk that is also produced in India. Tasar silk is generated from the larvae of the silkworm Antheraea mylitta that live in wild forests. This has earned the silk the name of the ‘wild silk’. India occupies the second position as a producer of Tasar silk and is the exclusive producer of Indian Tussar.


Patola silk is a gift to the world from Patan in Gujarat. The double ikat woven Patola silk saree is a tie and dye beauty. Renowned for their style and colourful designs, the Patola silk sarees can take up to one year to be created.


Kanjeevaram silk traces its origin to the Kancheepuram town in Tamil Nadu. Made from pure mulberry silk threads, this silk is renowned for its strength, lustrous shine, and grandeur. Kanjeevaram silk sarees are among the most popular silk sarees in the world. With their rich hues, captivating broad borders, and mesmerising designs, this silk has been enhancing the beauty of the Indian women since long. The specialty of this saree is that the border and the body are woven separately and joined later.


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